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Danube Delta

Dobogea Region

“This largely dry region nestles between the River Danube, as it flows from south to north before forming the delta, and the lagoons and Black Sea to the east. The landscape is typically rolling steppe and agricultural country, dotted with woodlands and brackish and freshwater lakes. Many of the birds that inhabit the delta can also be seen here and in addition there are some, like Red-breasted Goose, Levant Sparrowhawk, Collared Pratincole, Pied Wheatear, Calandra Lark and Spanish Sparrow that are easier to locate here than in the delta.” (Gerard Gorman, ALULA 4/2000 volume 6)

Diversity in the dry

The map shows the protected areas in Dobrogea region. As you can see more than 50% of the area is under protection. this makes the largest compact protected area in Europe and one of the main birding areas in Romania. On the lower map you can see why this area is so important. The map shows the bird migration pass known as Via Pontica, the most important in Europe.

 Dobrogea Region

The birds are concentrated by the Carpathians at West and by the Black Sea (E) forced to follow the sea shore and cross the steppes of Dobrogea. This way masses of birds are crossing this magnificent area every year.

Dobrogea Region

Wildlife

 Dobrogea region is home to the rarest species of birds, mammals and plants in Romania. The Ponto-sarmatic stepps together with vast sub-Mediterranean forests form an ideal habitat for wildlife. 

 274 –   bird species

44 –      mammal species

1911 –  plant species

2240 –  insect species

 

Dobrogea Region

Wild Flowers

Danube Delta map
The flora of Dobrogea region is very rich as it concentrates 1911 species on 16000 km square being comparable to the plant diversity of the Mediterranean islands Corsica and Crete. This represents more than 50% of Romanian flora

This region represents a complex synthesis of the plant biogeographic areas as it is situated at the southern limit of the Central European and some Crimean species, at the northern limit of the Mediteranean-Balkanic – Pontic species and at the western limit of some Asiatic ones.

The complex structure of the flora and its specificity, beside the Euro-Asiatic species (25%), is conferred by the high proportion of southern – Balkanic, Pontic – Mediterranean, Sub-mediterranean species (25%) and by the Continental, steppe species (17%).

The European and Central European (12%) and Circumboreal (4%) species are less frequent and occur on higher altitudes. All these features confer to Dobrogea the character of synthesis of southeast European flora and not only. A plant hunting trip to Dobrogea is more or less equivalent to a much larger visit to central Europe, northern Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey, the Crimean Mountains and the steppes of Ukraine and Central Asia.

Visit Dobrogea

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